Flutter is an SDK, and Dart is a part of it. It is used for app development. As an app development aspirant, you must know the features and advantages of these programming languages.
Flutter can be used to develop apps for Android, iOS, etc. and it is an open-source user interface SDK or software development kit. When you do App development courses in Durgapur, you will learn about Dart, which is included in Flutter.
Dart is a part of Flutter and an object-oriented, open-source programming language that includes many useful features. It supports an extensive range of programming utilities which consists of interface, collections, and classes, dynamic and optional typing, and also it is a new programming language. This programming language is developed both for the server as well as the browser. Here are some important dart features-
Dart is freely available as it is an open-source programming language. It is advanced by Google, approved by the ECMA standard, and after that, it comes with a BSD license.
This programming language supports all primary operating systems, including Windows, Linux, etc. Dart VM is the own Virtual Machine of Dart which provides permission to the programmer to run the Dart code in every operating system.
Dart is an object-oriented programming language; it supports all OOPs concepts like classes, inheritance, interfaces, and optional typing features. In addition, this OOP also supports some advanced concepts that may include mixing, abstract, classes, reified generic, and robust type system.
The programming language, Dart, is an asynchronous programming language that states that it supports multithreading using Isolates. The isolates are the independent entities related to threads, but they don’t share a memory, and the message passing establishes the communication between the processes. The message should be sequenced in order to make the effective communication. By using a snapshot, the sequencing of the message is done, which is then generated by the given object and, after that, transmits to another isolate for desterilizing.
Dart comprises many useful inbuilt libraries consisting of Software Development Kit (SDK), core, math, async, convert, HTML, IO, etc. Dart also furnishes the facility in order to organize the Dart code into libraries with proper name spacing. The import statement can then reuse the Dart code.
Easy to learn:
The most important feature of Dart is that it provides the flexibility to compile the code fast. This OOP language supports two types of compilation processes- one is AOT (Ahead of Time), and the other is JIT (Just-in-Time). In the other language, Dart code can be transmitted, which can run in the modern web-browsers.
The Dart is a type-safe language, which states that the language uses both static type checking and runtime checks in order to confirm that a variable’s value always matches the variable’s static type; sometimes, it is also known as sound typing.
Although types are necessary, type annotations are optional because of type interference. Type interference makes the Dart code more readable. One more important benefit of Dart to being type-safe language is that when the developers change a part of Dart code, the system warns them about that modification which they have modified earlier.
The Dart serves everything as an object. The value that assigns to the variable is an object. The objects that are included in Dart are functions, numbers, and strings. All objects in the Dart are inherited from the Object class.
Across the world, Dart has a large community. So if the developers face any problem while coding, then it is easy for them to find help. To enhance the functionality of Dart, the dedicated developers are working on it.
Advantages of Dart
- The second benefit of Dart is its availability of documentation since Google is evolving the interpreter for Dart, which allows the Developer to quickly get answers to almost any queries which may arise during the training process or directly while writing code.
- Dart is a very stable programming language and can be used to build production-quality real-time applications. It is included in Flutter and an object-oriented programming language (OOP) supporting inheritance, interfaces, and optional typing features.
- It is a programming language that uses AOT and JIT compilation – Dart has the unique capability in order to handle both Ahead of time (AOT) and Just in time (JIT) compiling. In Ahead Of Time (AOT), the Dart code can be directly converted into native machine code. The Dart code can be compiled for exceptionally fast development cycles and game-changing workflow while in the mode of Just In Time.
- There is DartPad for the new Developer if they are willing to start writing their first Dart program without any installation or configuration. The main feature of the DartPad interface is plain and simple. So after writing your code, click ‘Run’ to execute the code. The essential benefit of DartPad is it introduces users to the world of Dart programming. Also, in DartPad, you will see that the support for libraries is restricted to the basic level.
These are some benefits of Dart. There are other benefits, but the most important one is that it is an open-source platform, and it is easy to learn, which makes it beneficial for the IT aspirants.